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Dictionary

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Or see a complete list of the words in this dictionary below.

1

1 ridge = 2 rows garter stitch: 2 rows garter st knitted back and forth on straight needles makes 1 ridge. And 1 knitted row + 1 purled row when working in the round with circular needles makes 1 ridge.
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A

a-shape: A-shape means the sweater is shaped like the letter A: it is narrower at the top and gradually becomes wider from the chest down towards the hips.
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alpace (fiber): Alpaca fleece is the natural fiber harvested from an alpaca, and it is similar in structure to sheep wool fiber. Its softness comes from the small diameter of the fiber, similar to merino wool. It is a soft, durable, luxurious and silky natural fiber. Yarn made from alpaca fibers does not felt or pill easily, and it can be light or heavy in weight, depending on how it is spun.
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alternately, alt: You can for example increase/decrease alternately (every other time) on the right and left side of a mark, or alternately on every 3. or 4. row
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armhole: The armhole is shaped as a whole in which the sleeve cap on the sleeve should fit into and be sewn onto the sweater.
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assembly: When assembling, put two or more pieces together either by sewing, knitting or crocheting the work together.
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asymmetric: Assymmetric is a shape with no symmetry, it could for example be a sweater where two sides are different.
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B

back loop (of st): When knitting or crocheting in the back loop, you are working the loop farthest away from you (meaning it is not dependet on the right or the wrong side). As a knitting technique it is also called twisted right or twisted left.
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back piece: The back piece is the piece of a garment that covers the back of the body. When working a sweater it's the piece that covers the back.
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backstitch: A stitching which can be sewn on a knitted piece afterwards
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basket pattern: Basket pattern is a technique that forms a pattern, it can both be knitted or crocheted.
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bind off/fasten off: When a piece is finished you bind/fasten off to make sure the stitches don't unravel.
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blackberry: Blackberry pattern is a technique which gives the piece an uneven surface with tiny bumps, like blackberries.
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body: Designation of back and front piece
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border: A border is a piece of pattern that decorates a model on, for example, the waistband or as an edge on a hat.
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bubble: A group of stitches which is shaped like a bubble.
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buttonhole: The buttonhole is often worked on the right side of the leading edge on womens jackets and on the left side on mens jackets
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C

cable: Cable is a technique which forms a pattern shaped like a braid.
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cable needle (cn), cn: Cable needles are designed to hold stitches out of the way while you move other stitches around them.
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cast on: To cast on means to make new stitches, which can be worked.
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Chain space, ch-loop, c: A chain space is multiple chain stitches worked in a row to create a chain that can be used for reaching the next stitch
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Chain stitch, ch: A chain stitch is a small, round crocheted stitch that can be used for making chains between stitches. It is often used at beginning of rows/rounds to get to the correct height for working the first stitch.
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chainette: Chainette yarns have a very unique construction, in which its thread is constructed as a chain with a hollow core. This gives the fabric knitted in these yarns a fantastic elasticity and plush-like feel. Chainette yarns give also great stitch definition, making cables really stand out.
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chest measurement: The chest measurement is the number of cm/inches around the chest. In DROPS patterns you can find measurements for the finished garment at the bottom of each pattern. To find a size that matches your chest measurements you need the garment width times 2.
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circular needle: A circular needle is two needles connected with a wire. It's used when working in the round, but can also be used when working back and forth
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crochet hook: The crochet hook is a needle with a hook at one end, you can create many different crocheted stitches using a crochet hook.
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D

decrease, dec: When decreasing the total amount of stitches gets less, you can decrease using many different techniques
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diagonal knit: A knitting technique where you increase at one end and decrease on the other end to create a diagonal effect.
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diagram, diag: Diagrams are a visual representation of the pattern you are going to work and how it will look like. It is made up of symbols, or a grid of symbols, and are frequently to be repeated.
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domino: Domino is a pattern, as well as a technique to build a knitted piece out of similar smaller pieces, like small squares, as in the domino game.
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double crochet (dc), dc: A double crochet is a crocheting stitch with 1 yarn, making it somewhat taller than other crochet stitches. All stitches give unique structures to the work.
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double pointed needles, dpn: Double pointed needles comea set with 5 short needles, with two pointy ends. They are used when knitting a small part in the round, for example socks, gloves, sleeves
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double treble crochet, dtr: A double treble crochet is a crochet stitch with 3 yarn overs, making it taller than other crochet stitches. All stitches give unique structures to the work.
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dropped stitch: A dropped stitch has two different meanings. It can on one hand be a dropped stitch witch is to be retrieved again, se retrive dropped stitch. Or you an knit a dropped/ elongated stitch as a pattern, by making a yarn over and then release the yarn over on the next row.
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E

edge stitch, edge st: An edge stitch can consist of one or more of the utmost stitches on the row, usually worked differently from the other stitches.
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English rib / fisherman's rib: English rib / Fisherman's rib are knitting techniques where you work with "double" stitches to makes a thick, elastic rib pattern.
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evenly spaced: You often increase or decrease evenly spaced on a row/round, meaning it's the same number of stitches between each increase/decrease.
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F

fasten off: When cutting the thread in a knitted work, pull the loop out so that it does not tangle.
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fold: Fold the edge, or fold the edge in towards the wrong side.
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front band: The front bands are the stitches closest to the opening at the front of a jacket - where buttons are attached and buttonholes are made. The bands are usually worked differently to the rest of the jacket (garter stitch, rib etc etc).
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front loop of stitch: When knitting or crocheting in the front loop, you are working the loop closest to you regardless of whether you are working from the right or wrong side.
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G

Garter stitch: Every other row knit and purled - seen from the right side. When working back and forth: knit 2 rows . When working in the round: knit 1 round, purl 1 round.
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gauge: The knitting gauge describes how many stitches you should have on 10 cm in height and witdh. It is important to use the same gauge as said in the pattern, to achieve the same measurements as listed in the measurement sketch. If you have too many stitches on 10 cm, change to a larger needle size. If you have too few stitches on 10 cm, change to a smaller needle size.
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granny square: A granny square is a classic crochet motif that is made by working in rounds from the center outward.
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H

half double crochet, hdc: A half double crochet is a crochet stitch with 1 yarn over and pull through all loops, making it somewhat shorter than other crochet stitches. All stitches give unique structures to the work.
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heel: The stitches worked over the heel in a sock, there are several techniques to decrease for heel.
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I

in total: The total amount. For example:the total number of times an increase is repeated, including the first time - when the increase is explained.
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included, incl: Including is defined as containing
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increase, inc: When increasing, you make new stitches so that there are more stitches on the needle. There are several different techniques for making an increase.
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K

knit, K: Knit the stitch (as opposed to purl the stitch).
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knit 2, purl 2, K2, P2, K2: A rib is formed by alternately knitting and purling stitches.
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knit in the round: You knit in the round using either several double pointed needles, or circular needles. You knit in the same direction the entire time, you do not turn the piece and work back. Thus you always work from the right side.
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knit stitch, stockinette st, K1: 1 knitted stitch
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knitting needle: You need a minimum of 2 needles when knitting, you can use straight needles, double pointed needles or circular needles ( circular needles have a needle in each end).
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L

lace: Lace is a pattern of holes that is usually worked according to a diagram or an explanation in the pattern.
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length: A piece can be measured in the length, which often means top-down.
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loop (of stitch): A stitch consists of 2 loops, front and back: The front loop is the one closest to you. The back loop is the one furthest away from you.
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M

marker, MT: Markers can be used to mark different things in your work: like the beginning of the round, the sides of your work, the transition between sleeves and body/yoke. A marker can also be used to mark a certain point in your work, such as where you are supposed to measure from going forward.
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measurement: Most DROPS patterns include a measurement sketch at the bottom of each pattern, displaying all the measurements of the garment in all sizes.
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micron: A micron (micrometer) is the measurement used to express the diameter of a wool fiber. Fine wool fibers have low micron value. Fiber diameter is the most important characteristic of wool in determining its value.
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mirrored: When working 2 front pieces, one should be a mirrored version of the other.
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moebius: Moebius was a german mathematician from be early 19th century. This technique is based on a magically twisted circle, which he developed
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mohair (fiber): Mohair comes from the Angora goats, and its considered a luxury fiber, being as warm as wool, but much lighter in weight. Mohair is also durable, dyes well and does not felt easily, and it has a distinctive luster created by the way the fibers reflect light. Despite being a hard fiber, mohair is usually spun into a very fluffy yarn, resulting in airy and lustrous garments.
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moss stitch: Moss stitch is a technique where you knit and purl every other stitch, and on the next row/round purl over knit and knit over purl to make a pebbly pattern.
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N

number of rows: The diagram is worked over a certain number of rows in height
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O

odd number: An odd number of stitches or rows is a number not divisible by 2.
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one size: If a piece only has one size.
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opposite side: When working two front pieces of a jacket, you have to make decreases for a armhole on the opposite side of the other front piece.
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P

pass slipped stitch over, psso: When decreasing or binding off you are often asked to slip one stitch and then later pass it over - meaning moving it from the right needle, over the stitch/stitches you've just worked an off the needle.
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pattern: By working different colors or different types of stitches, you can create different patterns.
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pattern repeat: A pattern repeat indicates where a repeating pattern starts and ends - eg: a diagram, or part of a diagram framed with square brackets. The number of repeats means how many times the same pattern is repeated on the row/round.
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pick stitches up, pick up st: When working for example the neck edge on a jumper or front bands on a jacket you can pick up stitches along the edge or sides of your work.
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place a pattern: Sometimes the placement of a pattern is important for the overall aesthetics of the work, such as making sure the middle stitch of the pattern matches the middle stitch of the sleeve.
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pleat: A pleat is a small fold that helps shape the work.
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pocket: A pocket can be made in many different ways: it can be worked on the inside of the garment, or sewn onto the outside, or you can even make a fake pocket.
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polyamid (fiber): The polyamide fiber, commonly known as nylon, is very strong, durable, lightweight, easy to care for (can be machine washed and dried), and elastic, which makes it perfect for blending with other fibers to produce hard-wearing yarns like sock yarn.
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previous row: The row before this row.
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purl 2 together, p2tog, P2: You can decrease by purling 2 stitches together into 1 stitch.
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purl stitch, p, p: A purl stitch is a technique where the stitch is shaped as a small pearl
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R

Raglan: Raglan garments have sleeves that continue in one piece up to the neck of the garment. The transition between sleeves and yoke runs in a diagonal line from under the arm and to the neckline, giving the garment a good fit and ensuring there is little excess fabric under the arms.
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repeat *-*: Repeat the section that is framed by two stars.
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rib: A rib consist of purled and knitted stitches work alternately (knit 1, purl 1 or knit 2, purl 2). a rib is much more elastic than for example stockinette stitches and is therefore frequently used for edges (at the bottom of sweaters/jackets, at the end of sleeves) or hats.
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right needle: The needle held in the right hand
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right side, RS: The right side is the side facing outwards and the one most visible when using the garment.
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row, round: A row is worked back and forth on the needle, every other row is worked from the right side and the wrong side. A round is circular (using circular or double pointed needles) and you always work from the same side (usually the right side).
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S

second, 2nd: Every second stitch/row, or every other stitch/row
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shawl collar: A shawl collar is a collar shape that goes straight up along neck, meaning the collar often stands up at the back of the neck.
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short rows: Short rows helps shape the piece, and is worked by turning and working back without having worked across all stitches on the row/round. When working short rows, the piece gets wider in the side where more rows are worked.
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shoulder seams: The shoulder seams are when the two shoulder pieces from the front and back piece are sewn together.
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Silk (fiber): The silk fiber is a fine continuous fiber produced from the cocoon of a moth caterpillar known as the silkworm. While silkworm is cultivated, the wild or tussah silk is obtained from uncultivated silkworm cocoons. Silk fiber is one of the strongest natural fibers and makes a wonderful knitting yarn. It blends really well with other fibers, especially wool. Silk also dyes beautifully with natural dyes.
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single crochet (sc), sc: Single crochet is a crochet stitch with no yarn overs, making it shorter than other crochet stitches. All stitches give unique structures to the work.
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skip a stitch: When skipping a stitch in a diagram, the stitch is not worked
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sleeve cap: The sleeve top is the very top of the sleeve which is shaped to fit over the shoulder.
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slip one knitwise, sl1 kw: Insert the right needle into the stitch as if it should be knitted (knitwise) and instead of knitting, just slip it over to the right needle.
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slip stitch, sl st: a slip stitch is a crochet stitch that is almost invisible. It can be used for moving to a different part on the round, or for joining a round or work pieces together.
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split: A split is a small opening in the side of a blouse or in the neck
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square: A square can be worked back and forth, in the round or on the diagonal, we have lots of suggestions
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steek: when working a piece in the round without interruption for openings or sleeves until the end - instead you'll be adding stitches for cutting it open later. Can be used for jacket openings, sleeve openings or necklines.
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stitch holder, st holder: A stitch holder is a big safety pin, which is used when a larger number of stitches are not worked. They are placed on the stitch holder (or on a thread) until they are worked again.
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stockinette stitch, ss, st st: Stockinette stitch are made when you knit on the right side and purl on the wrong side. When working in the round all stitches are knitted.
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stockinette stitch in the round: Stockinette stitch is knitted on each row when knitting in the round on circular needles/double pointed needles
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Superwash: A superwash wool is a special wool product that has been treated or processed in a way that allows it to be machine washable. Many people are afraid to work with wool because it is so easy to shrink (though some shrink wool on purpose) and superwash wool can allow them to work with great fibers without worry. (Read more here).
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T

tassels: Tassels are loose threads that are assembled and mounted as a decoration on, for example, a scarf.
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top down: When working top down it is easier to adjust the length of the garment, particularly the yoke, arms and body. It is also easier to try the garment on while working.
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treble crochet, tr: Treble crochet is a crochet stitch with 2 yarn overs, making it a bit taller than other crochet stitches. All stitches give unique structures to the work
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W

work back: Turn the piece and work back. Used when working back and forth, or when working short rows
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wrong side, ws: The wrong side is the back side of the piece, the side which is the inside of a sweater
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Y

yarn group: All DROPS yarns are classified into 6 different thickness groups (A to F). Yarns in a same group have similar knitting gauge, and can therefore be interchanged in patterns; however the length may be different, so when substituting always calculate the amount of meters/yards needed for the pattern to know the amount of yarn you need to get.
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yarn over, YO: You can make one extra stitch by making a yarn over, you put the right needle over the thread to make and extra stitch on the right needle before working the next stitch
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yoke: The top of a sweater/jacket which includes both the front- and back piece as well as the sleeves.
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